FAO Statistical Yearbook 2021 – World Food and Agriculture – World
An indispensable resource for anyone interested in food and agriculture
FAO publishes the 2021 edition of its World Statistical Yearbook of Food and Agriculture
Rome – The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has published its Annual Statistical Yearbook, which provides a comprehensive overview of the global food and agriculture landscape and a summary of data on food, nutrition and agriculture. ‘Agriculture.
The 2021 edition, also available online, contains data on four thematic areas: economics of agriculture, forestry and fisheries; trends in production, trade and prices; food security and nutrition; and environmental sustainability. Each chapter is based on the latest data available to describe, through texts and graphics, trends related to food, nutrition and agriculture, since the beginning of the 2000s. It is an essential reference for policymakers, researchers and analysts, as well as lay people interested in past, present and future paths in food and agriculture.
“Up-to-date, accurate and high-quality data and statistics are the cornerstone of sound policy design,” said José Rosero Moncayo, Director of FAO’s Statistics Division in the foreword to the publication. “This has become all the more critical as governments around the world engage in major sectoral and national development plans, as well as regional and global development agendas. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic, while hampering national data collection capacities, has underscored the urgent need for data and statistics to inform timely responses and monitor trends. ”
The Statistical Yearbook was revamped in 2020 on the occasion of FAO’s 75th anniversary, highlighting the importance FAO places on data and statistics as a global public good at the heart of our efforts to advance sustainable development. .
For the second year in a row, the directory is available in digital format with interactive graphics and downloadable datasets. The Yearbook is accompanied by the FAO Statistical Pocketbook, which provides a quick and easy reference to key facts and trends in food and agriculture.
** So what is the current situation? **
Agriculture is an important sector for the world economy. In fact, the global value added generated by agriculture, forestry and fisheries increased by 73 percent in real terms between 2000 and 2019, reaching $ 3.5 trillion in 2019. Not only that, but agriculture has provided jobs for 874 million people in 2020, a total of 27 percent. of the global workforce.
On the production side, total primary crop production increased by 53 percent between 2000 and 2019, reaching a record 9.4 billion tonnes in 2019. Half of global primary crop production is made up of only four crops: sugar cane, corn, wheat and rice.
The production of vegetable oils increased sharply due to an increase in demand for palm oil, with production more than doubling between 2000 and 2018. Meat production also saw a sharp increase, increasing by 44% between 2000 and 2019 to reach 337 million tonnes.
Despite the increasing amount of food produced, the global level of prevalence of undernourishment increased sharply between 2019 and 2020, under the shadow of the COVID-19 pandemic. Almost 10% of the world’s population suffered from hunger in 2020, up from 8.4% in 2019.
In terms of environmental sustainability, forest area decreased by 94 million hectares – roughly the size of the United Republic of Tanzania – between 2000 and 2019. Almost all countries in the Near East and North Africa have water stress levels near or above 100 percent. . Greenhouse gas emissions on farmland decreased by 2% between 2000 and 2019, but greenhouse gas emissions on the farm actually increased by 11%. About 55 percent of them are related to animal husbandry.
FAO: the house of statistics on food and agriculture
Statistical work has been at the heart of FAO’s activities and mandate since the Organization’s inception in 1945, and the Statistical Yearbook is only one of the statistical tools and publications that FAO makes available to users. The freely accessible FAOSTAT data platform contains the world’s largest food and agriculture statistical database, with around 20,000 indicators covering more than 245 countries and territories, and around 2,000,000 users every year. Another important tool made available by FAO is the RuLIS platform, which allows users to find harmonized indicators and data across countries and over time on rural incomes, livelihoods and rural development. .
FAO is committed to ensuring open access to the current, reliable, timely and reliable data needed to chart the course towards more sustainable agriculture and a world free from hunger.