Electricity and gas prices in the second half of 2021 – Products Eurostat News

In the second half of 2021, average electricity prices for households in the EU rose sharply compared to the same period of 2020 (€21.3 per 100 kWh), to stand at €23.7 per 100 kWh. Average gas prices in the EU also increased compared to the same period of 2020 (from €7.0 per 100 kWh) to €7.8 per 100 kWh in the second half of 2021. More recently, wholesale prices electricity and gas have increased significantly in the EU. Energy and supply costs, caused by several economic factors, are mainly responsible for the increase.

Taxes and levies accounted for 36% of electricity bills billed to households in the EU in the second half of 2021. For gas bills, the corresponding share was 30%. There were no significant changes in this price component compared to a year ago.

This information comes from data on electricity and gas prices recently published by Eurostat. The article presents some findings from the more detailed Statistics Explained articles on electricity prices and natural gas prices.

Source dataset: nrg_pc_204 and nrg_pc_202

Electricity prices have increased in all but two Member States

Electricity prices for households increased in 25 EU Member States in the second half of 2021, compared to the second half of 2020. The largest increase (expressed in national currencies) was recorded in Estonia (+50% ), ahead of Sweden (+49%). ) and Cyprus (+36%).

Map: Evolution of electricity prices for households, 2nd semester 2021 compared to 2nd semester 2020, in %, based on prices in national currency, in EU and EFTA countries

Source dataset: nrg_pc_204

The only decreases were observed in Slovakia (-6%) and Hungary (-0.1%).

Expressed in euros, average electricity prices for households in the second half of 2021 were lowest in Hungary (€10.0 per 100 kWh), Bulgaria (€10.9) and Croatia (€13.1 ) and the highest in Denmark (€34.5), Germany (€32.3). ), Belgium (€29.9) and Ireland (€29.7).

Gas prices have increased in 20 EU member states

Between the second half of 2020 and the second half of 2021, gas prices increased in 20 of the 24 EU Member States that report natural gas prices in the household sector. The highest increases in domestic gas prices in national currencies) were observed in Bulgaria (+103%), followed by Greece (+96%) and Estonia (+83%).

Map: Evolution of gas prices for households, 2nd semester 2021 compared to 2nd semester 2020, in %, based on prices in national currency, in EU and EFTA countries

Source dataset: nrg_pc_202

On the other hand, the only price decreases were recorded in Slovakia (-12%), Czechia (-5%) and Portugal (-1%).
Expressed in euros, average gas prices for households in the second half of 2021 were lowest in Hungary (€3.1 per 100 kWh), Croatia (€4.0) and Lithuania (€4.1) and the highest in Sweden (€18.6), Denmark (€12.5). ), the Netherlands (€11.0) and Spain (€10.8).

For more information:

Methodological notes:

  • Cyprus, Malta and Finland do not report natural gas prices in the household sector.

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