Better statistics key to unlocking development potential of migration, African experts conclude – World
Kampala, Uganda, July 22, 2022 (ECA): The urgency of improving data and statistics to capture the benefits of migration for Africa’s prosperity and resilience was highlighted at a meeting of an expert group on migration statistics, convened by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA).
Held in Kampala from July 21-22, 2022, the meeting brought together government officials from over 18 African countries, cross-sectoral representatives from Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, South Sudan, Uganda and Zimbabwe, as well as delegates from the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the African Union Commission (AUC) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
The meeting was informed by an ECA background paper, titled “Towards a Coordinated Mechanism for the Collection and Use of Accurate and Disaggregated Data on Migration for Evidence-Based Policy in Africa”. The document analyzes migration patterns, progress, practices and pathways in Africa for the implementation of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, involving all stakeholders.
In her address delivered by Mr. Gideon Rutaremwa at the meeting, the Acting Director of the Gender, Poverty and Social Policy Division of ECA, Ms. Edlam Yemeru, mentioned that the generation of data on migration was an integral part of the exploitation of its potential for national development. She added that human mobility was closely linked to the opening of regional trade in Africa as a means of accelerating recovery from multiple crises, including COVID-19 and food insecurity resulting from the war between Ukraine and Russia.
Speaking at the meeting, the IGAD Chief of Mission to the Republic of Uganda, Mrs. Lucy Daxbacher, underscored the need to improve the coordination of existing structures at all levels in order to consolidate improvement efforts. migration statistics.
Addressing the meeting, Mr. Brian Okengo from the AU Commission Migration Program underscored that labor migration data and statistics remain a critical pillar in improving governance. of migration in Africa. He underscored the need for Member States to produce accurate, reliable and high-quality data on labor migration in order to develop evidence-based policies and decisions for the protection and well-being be migrant workers.
Building on Mr. Okengo’s remarks, the IOM Uganda Chief of Mission, Mr. Sanusi Savage, in his remarks, delivered by Mr. Richard Kavuma, highlighted the challenges faced in defining data on the migration in the sub-regions of Africa, including differences in the definition of indicators. , the limited coverage of certain geographies in data sources as well as the vulnerabilities of people on the move, who remain hidden and unaddressed.
In their presentations, Member States highlighted a series of progressive steps taken to improve the migration data architecture. These ranged from national migration data undertakings and coordination mechanisms and plans to improving the availability and use of data in the respective countries. Participants also highlighted the urgent need for adoption of technology by Member States, including the use of big data, electronic data collection and biometric border control measures.
The path to follow
To further improve migration statistics, experts called for the development of harmonized concepts and tools for collecting data; integration of standard migration modules into all existing data collection companies, including big data; enhanced use of administrative data sources; increased use of digital technology; and stronger advocacy for migration statistics. ECA’s technical assistance to member States and partners in these areas was appreciated and considered vital.
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